Name any Indian monument. Chances are it’s made of stone. Well, perhaps not common stones, but the more exotic varieties such as chlorite, red sandstone or marble. Nevertheless, these stones were all procured locally, right here in our country!
For instance, the Taj Mahal’s foundations were built using red sandstone, black slate and white marble. In the later stages of construction red stone was brought in from neighbouring towns, while white marble was sourced from Makrana in Rajasthan.
India’s greatest monuments like the Hawa Mahal, the Qutb Minar, the India Gate, the Charminar, the Red Fort and many others were all built using some kind of stone or the other. What a lovely heritage!
An Amazing Wealth of Resources
In India, we are fortunate to have a variety of natural stones like limestone, slate, quartzite, sandstone, and of course, granite and marble. Further down south, besides vast stone reserves, we also have indigenous tile manufacturers like the Atangundi Tiles, the azulejos of Goa, and the Mangalore roofing tiles. A house with a roof of Mangalore tiles not only adds beauty but also considerably brings down the temperature on a hot summer day!
Indian Stones and Tiles – both durable and beautiful
Stones – both polished and unpolished – are both necessary and decorative in architecture. Many of us are unaware of the rich heritage we have. Our national monuments are witness to the durability of Indian stones. The first temple at Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, Bihar for instance was built by Ashoka in the 3rd century BC, and made of bricks still stands! The beauty of the Taj Mahal even after all these years is sublime!
Indian stone miners now use the best technology in quarrying. The finished products are of excellent quality and match international standards.
Amber Fort Jaipur was built using red sandstone and marble
- And on a lighter note, here in India, we don’t value the flagstone or cuddapah too much, but in Europe these stones are in great demand, often laid in their natural roughness rather than polished.
- One of the most astonishing facts of the Taj Mahal is the way it appears to change colour at different times of day, and according to the intensity of moonshine – laughingly often compared to the ever-changing moods of a woman!
- And finally –if you stand on an enlarged map of India and throw a stone anywhere, chances are, it will hit a stone reserve. That’s the stony truth!
India’s beauties in stone and tile have truly stood the test of time! It’s a wonderful tribute to the quality of the material and the workmanship we possess!